The Chumps of Choice

A Congenial Spot for the Discussion of Against the Day, by Thomas Ruggles Pynchon, Cornell '59, and Any Other Damned Thing That Comes Into Our Heads. Warning: Grad Students and Willie-Wavers will be mocked.

Sunday, February 18, 2007

The Chums Of Chance In Venice, Or How The Cool Kids Played Tetris In 1902

(pp. 243-259)

Anamorphous image of Tetris creator Alexey Pajitnov

The Plot

Returning to the Chums thread, we find Our Heroes in Venice, while The Inconveniece undergoes an upgrade. In keeping with the boy's-comic style, everything's gone Italian, the Chums are now "Gli Amici", the Inconvenience the Seccatura, and so on. The boys seem the same, Noseworth and Suckling continue their bickering, Miles lost in his own innocent agenda, moved by another occurence of the Picardy thirds. On a scouting misson, they come in over Murano, (famous for it's glass-blowers) and soon come across their target - the Isola Del Specchi, the Isle Of Mirrors itself. Once again, they find themselves followed by The Bol'shaia Igra, which raises suspicion among the crew - how do the Russians always know where The Inconvenience will be?

John Singer Sargent, "Small Channel In Venice". Source

On land again, the boys gather for dinner beside a little canal. Randolph ruminates out loud on his motivations, the first of many examples of the boys' desire for at least partial independence from their job in the sky. As Counterfly chats up the waitresses for information on Padzhitnoff, the Russians turn up in the very osteria (cafe) the Chums have chosen! The boys decide to stand their ground, and Randolph toasts all with their motto, "Red blood, pure mind".

The wineglasses turn out to have been a gift from Domenico Sfincuno, whose wish is to claim what he feels is his family's right to the Dogedom of Venice. Made ineligible for the Dogedom, the earlier Sfincuno family formed an alternate (to the Silk Road) trade route to the markets of the East, and the current Sfincuno hires the Chums to recover the lost route - the Sfincuno Itinerary - a "map or chart of post-Polo Routes into Asia, believed by many to lead to the hidden city of Shambala itself."

An anamorphoscope. Source

It turns out the Itinerary is more than a simple map (or route). In another example of light-trickery/duality, the Itinerary is suggested to be anamorphous (or more specifically "paramorphous" in nature, viewed with a specially-made mirror-device, ground at the time by the asylum-artisans of the Isola Del Specchi from... wait on it... Iceland spar. Is the Itinerary a map of real terrain, or of "the architecture of dream" (250:21)?

Miles, gazing at frescoes, finds himself inside "the prophetic vision of St. Mark, but in reverse" - he appears to/becomes a winged lion-being, who proclaims the Chum's current mission as a "pilgrimage", a serendipitous contract as part of a larger (in this case Christian) scheme of things.

Counterfly has a mysterious evening with a young woman, revealing a cigarette lighter that he claims "found him" from the future. The woman reads Tarot cards for him, and finds to her surprise The Campanile, the famous Venetian tower will be struck down soon. Counterfly spends the night, going AWOL in the morning. Suckling comes to fetch him, Counterfly speculates on a life on the ground. Returning to The Inconvenience, the crew tells them of Padzhitnoff's stocking his ship as if 'preparing for an engagement". In a fun moment, Pugnax invites a dog-friend on board in his native dialect, Dog.

Through a series of moment-flash descriptions, it becomes apparent there was a sky battle between The Inconvenience and The Bol'shaia Igra, seen by only the ubiquitous background figures (lasagnoni) in scenes such as these. There is another presence, "some visitation" during the battle, a "lethal impedance in the air". The battle rages, the Campanile comes into range, then Padzhitnoff "saw the ancient structure separate cleanly into four-brick groupings... rotating and translating in all available modes". The Campanile is falling - in the shape of a Tetris game!

The collapsed Campanile in 1902. Source

Randolph wonders remorsefully if one of their armaments ("sky-fish") could be the cause of the historic tower's fall. They meet with Padzhitnoff, who explains the destruction was caused by something else "out there". Talk turns to Japan, where it turns out one of the Chums previous employers was targeted for assassination by the Russians over their role in Manchuria. It becomes clear to the Chums that the Russians are after the Sfincuno Itinerary as well. Once again, routes and rails, connections from point-to-point in both geography and time come to the forefront, asking more questions than answering as the chapter comes to a close.

Notes And Comments

p243 Lots of bells in this chapter, from the bell-flowers (campanula?) in the opening passage to Miles comment on the loss of La Marangona, the largest bell in the now fallen Campanile

243:09 Convenient The Inconvenience drydocks in Venice, no?

p243 Scouting for the Isle Of Mirrors, looking below the surface for hidden meaning

245:37 - 246:06 Pynchon's description of the early evening, "Somewhere an accordian was wrenching hearts..." is another one of those passages, a striking example of descriptive genius

246:38 Suckling channeling Bogart: "...with all the spaghetti-joints in this town..."

247:03 "Purple Thanksgiving", tacchino (turkey) in pomegranate (purple) sauce

247:19 Both red & white wines together in the glass?

249:07 Political commentary: "Those whose enduring object is power in this world are only too happy to use without remorse the others, whose aim is of course to transcend all question of power. Each regards the other as a pack of deluded fools."

250:18 The Professor's speech once again points toward an alternate reality, but as we're apparently inside a comic book already, it's difficult to say what is and isn't real in the first place

250:28 Frescoes of "Istrian stone" - According to this source, there were "two moving lions in Istria stone" originally sculpted on the dado above the belfry of the Campanile. I wonder if they had wings?

p252 I'm enthralled with the writing here, almost 'from memory', a recollection of what it was actually like, rather than what actually happened, "blurry, wet dusk", "silver and niello", "Glagolitic", "radio-lenses", the beautiful dialog

254:20 "Chums... were expected to die on the job. Or else live forever..." Of course, that's what comic-book heroes do. Interesting how these particular heroes seem to be aware of a life 'beside' the one they're expected to live

255:23 Pugnax talking in dog-speak, comic-book reality

256:14 "Fourspace" - the real world (three dimensions plus time)?

256:20 Gunners "abolishing Time", GR/ATD concepts coming together right here, at least for me

256:29 Tetris: how cool is *that*? But here's the coolest part - for those of you who didn't pick up on it during the character's original introduction - guess who invented Tetris? Alexy PAJITNOV!!!


At Monday, February 19, 2007 8:43:00 AM, Blogger H. Rumbold, Master Barber said...

The winged lion being the symbol of St. Mark, patron saint of Venice (as well as glaziers and lions, not to mention barristers, scrofula and insect bites). Derives from the vision of Ezekiel (1:10) "As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle."

The beasts became associated with the four archangels, the four major prophets and eventually symbolic of the four evangelists. Mark gets the lion because his description of John the Baptizer speaking in the "voice of one crying in the wilderness". We may also be close to Assurbanipal and gryphon/hippogriff territory here.

H. Rumbold, Master barber

At Monday, February 19, 2007 9:16:00 AM, Blogger Monte Davis said...

Very nice reading, D. -- thank you!

Great catch on the "political commentary" of p. 247. I'm always skeptical of the political readings of P. that take him as a steadfast champion of the preterite little guys, the anarchists, against The System. He invites that reading, yes... but always takes great care to portray the deluded foolishness on both sides.

During the first round of responses (online and face to face) in December, I was struck by how many readers took the fall of the Campanile as P's invention. Not that the 1902 collapse should be in cultural literacy 101 -- but Pynchon 101 sez: "the more improbably apt to P's purposes something seems to be, the more likely it really happened."

Winged lion/angel etc. from Ezekiel are also on parade in Dante's Purgatorio c29 and Paradiso c33, and P assuredly knows his Dante.

At Monday, February 19, 2007 7:01:00 PM, Blogger Civic Center said...

Actually, the fall of St. Mark's Campanile should be in any Westerner's History 101 but I knew nothing about it before reading this book, and thought Pynchon was being willfully "improbable" until today's commentary. Silly me.

One of my favorite things about Pynchon's books is how he nudges us towards history that's fairly unknown but shouldn't be. I was listening last week to an old British Columbian lady in Palm Springs talk about meeting up with her friends at "Anarchist Mountain," and yes, the major peak in the Okenagen Valley is named after an anarchist from the period of "Against The Day" named Sidley.

This book is mind-expanding.

Also, does anybody think that Chick Counterfly was not so "pure of blood" on his momentous evening in the canals of Venezia and actually had sex with Renata that evening? It might help explain the Fall of the Tower.

At Monday, February 19, 2007 7:06:00 PM, Blogger Civic Center said...

And to Ol' Pal D: Really nice wrapup and awesome pictures.

At Monday, February 19, 2007 8:39:00 PM, Blogger Boldly Serving Up Wheat Grass said...

sf: I assumed Chick & Renata had been together, but didn't tie that to any part in the Tower's collapse. While Renata's reading("Some kind of lightning. Some kinf of fall.") does seem open to our own interpretation (the "fall of man," as just one top-of-mind example), Chick's no boy any longer (i.e. his fall from innocence, I assume, happened long ago sometime). He's Dr. Counterfly now, after all.

I'm hesitant to keep associating things with 9/11, but the Tower image on that Tarot card is appropriate -- some powerful force from the sky strikes a tower, which then appears to collapse as people fall from it.

BTW, I loved that quote from Miles a page or two earlier (p. 251 around 3/4 of the way down): "When all the masks have been removed, it is really an inquiry into our duty, our fate." Almost sums up the entire book.

[Side note to Mr. Jingo: Did you notice the word on p. 254, 2nd to last line, mid-sentence? Had you read that far before your drug-induced dream?]

At Tuesday, February 20, 2007 11:37:00 AM, Blogger Monstro D. Whale said...

I found the first few pages of this section to be hillarious. While the narrator is carefully attempting to give us all the Italian words for the various stuff, Suckling makes a joke...about the narrator! (bottom of 243) He comments that all the numbers are the same as the American numbers.

Suckling is moving out of his fictional framework to make comments about the narrator. There's even a hint of nationalism versus the exoticism of foreigners.

At Tuesday, February 20, 2007 11:53:00 AM, Blogger Monstro D. Whale said...

"Long as we just keep on doing everything we're told," Darby scowled, "we'll never know. Wages of unquestioning obedience, aint it?"

Okay, in keeping with my last comment, notice that there is an amorphous, secret "THEY" that give the Chumps their orders and may be ordering the Russians around as well. Well, who is this "They"?Perhaps its some super secret organization, some illuminati...but in a very real way, it's Thomas Pynchon. Read again the description of the map of the route they're supposed to be following--the projection of a world beyond three dimensions onto a two dimensional surface. Suckling pretty much takes this as a religious metaphor, but he's corrected. It would seem to me that this is a description of a book (this book in fact) from the point of view of the characters within it.

...and of course, the only way for them to find out is for them to stop doing what their author keeps telling them to do.

At Tuesday, February 20, 2007 5:26:00 PM, Blogger Axiomatic.Apricot said...


So, bunches of observations, many at random: the Venice chapter is the central chapter of the Iceland Spar section, and it opens at "noontide," which makes sense. Also it opens and closes with bells, not insignificantly, clock bells. Also, the description of the towers calls to mind both the Utahan Hoo Doos and the shambolic Chicagoan smokestacks. It's also is a pointedly liminal region. Land and water mix, obviously, but there are many references to humidity as well (water and air). This is a traditional role for Venice - it was traditionally thought of as a gateway to the east - which makes it an appropriate place for the Inconvenience to tango with Bol'shaia Igra.

Speaking of which, said tango was fascinating, for a number of reasons. First, I thought it was revealing that we the readers were not made privy to the fight itself, but could only glimpse at it. This, when followed closely by Paddy's description of visitors from another plane, situates us, the readers, as the visitors. The Chums leaked briefly into our reality because they operate in a parallel existence. Now this doesn't necessarily make us the ones who burst in, though it does seem to offer up the possibility of culpability. (Btw, with the fall of the Campanile, we've got another intriguing 9-11 analogy.)

I was very interested to see R. St.C.'s inability to begin to fathom any sort of politics on pp. 258-59. Paddy, as captain of The Great Game, is all about the building blocks of history, but St.Cosmo, head in the clouds, can only see the glories of war or individual persons.

Finally, in a forum where we all spend so much time with our lips planted firmly (and not without great justification) on Mr. T. R. Pynchon's ass, I'd just like to point out how false, at least to my mind's ear, Chick's romance of pp. 252-54 rang. Pynchon's characters might not exactly have that Tolystoyan ability to appear ready to step off the page (indeed, fictitiousness seems to be a defining character of the Chums), but by and large Tom seems to be putting some effort into their having some emotional realism in this novel. That said, Chick's romantic interlude, and especially his second thoughts about leaving, smacked more of thematic allegorizing (science waylaid by mysticism in the island-city where west meets east?) than actual character-driven plotting. Frankly, I have some difficulty conjuring much pathos for any of the Chums (Miles as a glaring exception), which I'm fine with insofar as they seem to provide an allegorical counterpoint to the more character oriented travails of the Traverses, et al. This becomes a problem, however, when one of them is cast into a leading role.

Alright, that's all for me tonight. I'm off to drown my sorrows in cyclomite.

Peace & Apricots,

At Wednesday, February 21, 2007 6:18:00 AM, Blogger Will Divide said...

Greetings, Chumps, from the Buffalo Erie County Main Branch Public Library, where I an writing these necessarily brief notes a mere twenty steps away from the autograph manuscript pages of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Yeah, who knew?) A holy site indeed.

Lasagnoni or, in the Neapolitan dialect, Lazzaroni: layabouts, louts, idlers. From Lazar, a victim of leprosey; social exiles who did nothing all day.

Porta della Carta: Porta means door. Carta is one of those funny Italian words with several related meanings - drawing paper (hence cartoon, a printed handbill, like a menu, and, most obviously in this case, Map.

Funny though how Map in Italian has a far more, uhm, creative and improvisational meaning than the English word carries. Which may help explain why this whole passage, especially Miles' fugue vision on 251, read as a heartfelt hommage to Italo Calvino.

And, while we are here, what exactly IS the Chums real duty, their fate, their real journey envisioned by Miles? Sketched out, but left in the air. Maybe something to do with their dual citizenship in the realms of the quotidian and the ghostly (256:5)

Monstruccio, Pugnax's pal, Little monster. Did HE have anything to do with the fall of the Campanille?

At Wednesday, February 21, 2007 12:35:00 PM, Blogger Monstro D. Whale said...


Are we supposed to feel some sort of commeraderie with the chumps? I don't. They're imperialist pre-cursors to shadow organizations that commit covert wars using the state of the art technology of the military industrial complex. Look, I don't want to go radical here or anything, but it does seem that if you take away their cutesy 14 year old adventure mystique, these guys are the worst kinds of world police. I think as time goes on, they're starting to realize this and some of them are getting a bit cynical about the role they have to play.

Darby Suckling has to grow up.

At Thursday, February 22, 2007 11:51:00 AM, Blogger Civic Center said...

Like blowing shit up with gas, I am also "hesitant to keep associating things with 9/11," but in an internet search for the causes of the collapse of the Campanile in 1902 I keep coming across the fact that it's still a bit of a mystery.

"On July 14, 1902 with little warning the foundation gave way and the Campanile collapsed in the same manner as practiced by modern engineers demolishing skyscrapers in America. The structure was rebuilt on the original spot."

The other word that keeps cropping up in accounts of the disaster is "implosion," as in people blowing stuff up in a sophisticated way so that it implodes rather than explodes. Weird. I wonder if anarchists were ever suspected of the deed (maybe Reef Traverse himself).

And monstro, you can be as radical as you want, but leave my "world police" chums alone as they are my adolescent heroes. Darby Suckling grow up? Never.

At Thursday, February 22, 2007 11:19:00 PM, Blogger Joseph said...

The winged Lion also reminds of the lion before the three mountains on the book cover. In Biblical iconography the ox is associated with sacrifice/labor/priesthood/ earth, the eagle is associated with prophetic vision/freedom/air, the man is assocated with the human/water, the lion with kingliness, courage, fire.

I couldn't stop laughing at the paramorphoscope. It's like the perfect visionary pun thing, involving silver, glass, and double refracting calcite crystals and a certain amout of transubstantiation..
pair, paramour, amor, morph, more, morphos, scope.

"it reveals worlds which are set to the side of the one we have taken until now, to be the only world given us" 249

This reminds me of a part of the last thread about
Monte Davis said...
You want magic mirrors? If spoilage is not an issue for you, try looking at the center point of the 1085-page printed text -- say, the lower half of page 542. Could be coincidental. Maybe.

(Originally noted by Robin Landseadel on the WASTE Pynchon listserv)

Monday, February 19, 2007 12:37:00 PM

brooktrout said...
Very Cool . I missed Robin's post.

That whole passage starting from the secret with the terrible force of a companion world which one did not know how to enter or leave, to the star cluster woman who mixes some absinthe with champagne and disappears leaving her moving diaphanous garment in the mirror. It's...

Like the moving curve between Yin and Yang.

The medieval cathedral builders saw their creations as arks traveling through time and space, the windows illuminating the history and future of the people of God. I see the Convenience through Miles visionary words as a kind of ark which seems to carry them safely around in the infinite world but is really still just a a dance in front of a mirror preventing them from starting the real journey. whatever the heck that is. ( p. 251 last few sentences.)

At Sunday, February 25, 2007 12:36:00 PM, Blogger Monstro D. Whale said...

I kind of expected this string to blow up. So, I've been saving up.

I think that the moment with the cigarette lighter is the most telling in the book. It lights cigarettes using radiation.

She in turn has a number of different kinds of cigarettes from all over the place.

The woman wants to know where she can get a lighter like Counterfly's to which he answers that his came from the future, but possibly not her future...there's a good chance that this particular item will never be invented in her world.

That seems to me to be the perfect crux for this novel's moving in and out of fiction. Chick's got a lighter that isn't going to be invented in this world, which means that he's from some other world. The chumps are, then, more than people who go up in the air and come back down, they're interdimensional travellers.

Great! So? Well, it seems interesting that whatever dillemma is on the horizon seems to cut across these boundaries. It threatens the real and the unreal, the factual and the fictional.

Moreover, whatever is directing the Chums is beyond these dimensions as well. It's well and fine to think of them as superpatriots, and they do have that tenor, but they're also subservient to the metaphysical (or whatever's meta to that). That's...weird. I don't have answers on this at all. I'm trying to wrap my brain around it still, but it seems like somewhere in there is a clue to all these political debates concerning the novel.

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